General Awareness

List of Some Great Inventions and Discoveries in The Entire World

Here you can find out the Inventions and Discoveries done by the famous personalities in different fields. Many people are unaware of the famous work like inventions and discoveries done by people. So, here you can check out the complete list and find out them according to the fields.

Inventions and Discoveries done in Medical Field.

(a) Insulin –  By Frederick Banting ,July 30, 1921

(b) Replacement of Human Heart – By Christiaan Neethling Barnard

(c) Cure of Kala-a-zar fiver – By Sir Upendranath Brahmachari

(d) Cause of the disease Beriberi – By Christiaan Eijkman 1897

(e) Penicillin – By Alexander Fleming November 19, 1999

(f) Circulation of blood – By William Harvey 1628

(g) Homeopathy – By Samuel Hahnemann 1796

(h) Vitamin D – By Hopkins and Frederick Gowland

(i) Smallpox Vaccination – By Edward Jenner 1796

(j) Tubercle Bacillus – By Robert KochMarch 24, 1882

(k) Stethoscope – By René Laennec1816

(l) Antiseptic – By Joseph Lister 21 septsember 1867

(m) Treatment of Rabies and Cure of Hydrophobia – By Pasteur and Louis on July 6th,      1885.

(n) Malaria – By Ronald Ross on 1902.

(o) Chloroform – By Sir James Young Simpson in Edinburgh in 1847.

(p) Streptomycin – By  Selman Waksman in 1952.

Inventions and Discoveries done in Mechanical Field.

(a) Motor Car – By Karl Benz in 1886.

(b) Telephone – By Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.

(c ) Microphone – By Emile Berliner in 1876.

(d) Helicopter – By Igor Sikorsky in 1939.

(e )Submarine – By David Bushnell in 1775.

(f) Revolver – By Samuel Colt in 1835.

(g) Gas engine – By Gottlieb Daimler in 1885

(h) Safety Lamp – By Sir Humphry Davy in 1815

(i) Diesel Engine – By Rudolf Diesel in 1890.

(j) Pneumatic Tyre – By John Dunlop in 1845.

(k) Electric bulb– By Edison on October 21, 1879

(l) Dynamo – By Faraday in 1831

(m) Stream Boat – By Fulton in 1802.

(n)Telescope – By Galileo in 1609.

(o) Safety Razor – By Gillette in 1901.

(p) Pendulum Clock – By Huygens in 1656.

(q) Steam engine – By James Watt in 1781.

(r)Safety Matches – By Gustaf Eric Pasch in 1844.

(s)Bicycle – By Macmillan in 1839.

(t)Magazine of rifle – By Mauser in 1870.

(u)Calculator – By Blaise Pascal in 642

(v)Machine Gun – By James Puckle in 1718.

(w) Transistor – By William Bradford Shockley in 1947.

(x)Typewriter – By Christoper Latham Sholes in 1868

(y) Railway Engine – By George Stephenson in1825.

(z) Military Tank – By Ernest Swinton in 1914.

(i)Barometer – By Evangelista Torricelli in 1643.

(ii) Radar – By Sir Robert Alexander Watson and Watt in 1935.

(iii)Aero plane –   By Wilbur & Orville Wright in  1903.

(iv) Fountain pen – By Lewis Waterman on February 12 , 1884.

Inventions and Discoveries done in Science and Technology

1.Current electricity and Electric battery – By Alessandro Volta in 1800.

2.Electron – By J.J.Thomson in 1906.

3.Neon Gas – By Sir William Ramsay in 1898.

4.Heavy Hydrogen – By Harold Urey in 1934.

5.First man to put locomotive on Line – By Robert Trevithick in 1803.

6.Paints – By Sherwin Williams in 1866.

7.Atomic Research – By Homi J. Bhabha in October 30,1909.

8.Induction Coil – By Nicholas Calla in 1836.

9.Discovery of X-ray – By Wilhelm Rontgen in 1895.

10.Discovery on inert gas – By Sir William Ramsay 1904.

11 . Raman Effect – By Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1928.

12.Discovery of Oxygen – By Joseph Priestley in 1774.

13.Mauve Dye – By William Henry Perkin in 1856.

14.Steam turbine – By Charles Parsons in 1884.

15.Celluloid – By Alexander Parkes in 1872.

16.Discovery of uranium fission – By Otto Hahn in December 17, 1938.

17.Research in atomic theory – By J. Robert Oppenheimer in 1925.

18.Physicist – By Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge in 1894.

19.Dynamite – By Alfred Nobel in 1866.

20.Law of motion and gravitation – By Isaac Newton On July 5 , 1687.

21.Periodic Table – By Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869.

22.Law of heredity – By Gregor Mendel in 1865.

23 .Electro Magnetic theory of Light – By James Clerk Maxwell during 1860s.

24.Radio – By Guglielmo Marconi in 1901.

25.Helium Gas – By Pierre Jansen in August 18 , 1868.

26.Cyclotron – By Ernest Orlando Lawrence in 1934.

27.Washing Soda – By Carl Wilhelm in 1772.

28.Theory of Heat – By Benjamin Thompson in 1798.

29.Aniline Dye – By Sir William Henry Perkin in 1856.

30.Astronomy – By Galileo in 1610.

31.Electrical Waves – By Heinrich Hertz in 1885.

32.Planet Uranus – By William Herschel in March 13 , 1781.

33.Law of gases – By Joseph Louis Gay Lussac in 1809.

34.Psycho analysis – By Sigmund Freud in 1890s.

35.Artificial splitting of atoms – By Ernest Rutherford in 1917.

36.Electromagnetic Induction and electrolysis – By Michael Faraday in 1831.

37.Theory of relativity – By Albert Einstein in 1905.

38.Atomic Theory – By John Dalton in 1800.

39.Radium – By Pierre Curie on December 21 , 1898.

40.Geostationary Orbit – By Clarke in 1963.

41.Evolution – By Charles Darwin in 1858.

42.Neutron – By James Chadwick in 1932.

43.Hydrogen – By Henry Cavendish in 1766.

44.Nylon Plastics – By Wallace Carothers in 1930.

45.Spectroscope – By Kirchhoff in 1859.

46.Electron Theory – By Bohr in 1913.

47.Boyle’s Law – By Robert Boyle in 1662.

48.Research in Botany – By Birbal Sahni in 1891.

49.Intelligence Test – By Alfred Binet in 1905.

50.Cosmic Ray and Quantum Theory – By Homi J.Bhabha in 1937.

51.Smelting Process – By Henry Bessemer in 1851.

52.Lightining Conductor – By Benjamin Franklin in 1754.

53.Logarithms – By Baron Napier in 1590s.

54.Televison – By John Logie Baird on January 26 , 1926.

55.Discovery of positron electron – By Carl David Anderson in 1932.

These were few of the inventions and discoveries from some different fields in the world.


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Prabhakar Singh

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